European Union

Brexit and devolution

Author / Creator: Centre on Constitutional Change

Media type: Video

Date published: 2022

The internal market after Brexit explained


Questions of EU Membership

Author / Creator: Anthony Salamone

Media type: Opinion

Date published: 2022

Two things define Scotland’s current and future connections to the EU - We need to recognise we are external to the EU's thinking, and we need to rectify the generally poor knowledge of the EU among the general population and among our politicians.


Scotland’s EU Debate The Essential Questions on Membership of the European Union under Independence

Author / Creator: Anthony Salamone

Media type: Report

Date published: 2022

The question of potential Scottish EU membership is a foundational aspect of the independence debate today. 100 questions on re-joining the EU


How Brexit has created a new divide in the nationalist movement

Author / Creator: John Curtice

Media type: Research Paper

Date published: 2018

The level of support in Scotland for independence has not increased in the wake of Brexit, but  support for the idea has become more closely linked to having a favourable view of the EU.


Is Brexit fuelling support for independence?

Author / Creator: John Curtice and Ian Montagu

Media type: Research Paper

Date published: 2021

Evidence suggests that while initially it had little discernible impact on the overall level of support for independence, more recently the pursuit of Brexit has served to increase support for leaving the UK.


UK-EU regulatory divergence tracker: second edition

Author / Creator: Joel Reland

Media type: Report

Date published: Dec 2021

[This] provides an overview of where and how the UK has used its newfound regulatory freedoms to diverge from EU standards. It explains what the changes are, what impact they are having, and likely further consequences.


Brexit and Devolution: A New UK Settlement or the Break-Up of Britain?

Author / Creator: David Gow

Media type: Review

Date published: May 2018

An analysis of the constitutional conflict between Westminster and the devolved administrations in Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast...concludes that the UK faces a stark choice between a new political/constitutional settlement or the break-up of Britain.


Smaller States’ Strategies and Influence in an EU of 27: Lessons for Scotland

Author / Creator: Kirsty Hughes

Media type: Policy Paper

Date published: March 2020

Smaller EU member states can develop their European strategies and tactics, set priorities and build alliances, and  some lessons for Scotland’s European strategy are available from their experiences.


An Independent Scotland in the EU: Issues for Accession

Author / Creator: Kirsty Hughes

Media type: Report

Date published:

This report brings together the views of...what an independent Scotland’s accession process to the EU might look like and what the implications of independence in the EU, while the rest of the UK remained outside the EU, might be


Independence in the EU in the Covid Era: Prospects for Scotland

Author / Creator: Kirsty Hughes

Media type: Policy Paper

Date published: 2020

Covid has not changed Scotland's position in relation to applying for membership of the EU. If Scotland were to choose independence through a constitutionally and legally valid process, then it would be eligible to apply to join the EU.


European Union Views of the UK post-Brexit and of the Future EU-UK Relationship

Author / Creator: Kirsty Hughes

Media type: Policy Paper

Date published: June 2021

This paper analyses how the UK is currently perceived across the EU, how the future EU-UK relationship is considered in the medium term, and how the UK’s constitutional strains are understood. 


UK’s disastrous Brexit deal unravelling on three fronts

Author / Creator: Business for Scotland

Media type: Article

Date published:

The UK’s disastrous Brexit deal is falling to pieces as Boris Johnson’s government finds itself fighting on three fronts - Fishing, Ireland, EU.


European Union Views of the UK post Brexit and of the Future EU-UK Relationship

Author / Creator: Kirsty Hughes

Media type: Policy Paper

Date published: 2020

This paper analyses how the UK is currently perceived across the EU. How the future EU-UK relationship is considered in the medium term. And how the UK’s constitutional strains are understood. Trust in the UK has been severely damaged. There is also substantial Brexit fatigue and frustration. There are different views on whether and how fast a stronger relationship could be built in the future. If Scotland chose independence in a legally and constitutionally sound context, then there is broad openness to Scotland having a normal accession path to the EU.


Scotland’s European Relations: Where Next?

Author / Creator: Kirsty Hughes

Media type: Policy Paper

Date published: 2021

The Scottish government’s European strategy aims to maintain and develop Scotland’s European relations in Brexit environment. And to Focus on issues of common interest, including the climate emergency, wellbeing, innovation and human rights.  For now, Scotland’s European relations are rather positive despite the impact of Brexit. Yet they are also strongly affected by the state of EU-UK relations which currently are difficult and fractious – and UK-Scotland constitutional tensions


Scottish independence: EU membership and the Anglo–Scottish border

Author / Creator: Institute for Government

Media type: Assessment report

Date published:

The implications of an independent Scotland joining the EU or EFTA would include a border with rUK, some interim border arrangements, and considerations about currency